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A Guide to Building Your Home

roofer.jpgIf this is the first time you've had a new home built just for you, you may wonder what all the steps are. We make the home building process easy and understandable for our homebuyers.

We start working with you from the moment you make the first decision about your future home from choosing a floorplan or deciding upon a lot. You'll meet the sales representative, who will be on hand to answer any questions you have to make sure that your home meets all of your current and future needs.

Next, we assign a highly trained project manger who will be your partner throughout the building process. Your personal project manager is responsible for overseeing every phase of your new home's construction from making sure workers are meeting every performance expectation to answering any questions you might have.

To help keep you and your family educated and informed here's an overview of how we will build your new home:

Phase I – Foundation (3-4 Weeks)

  • The site is cleared of any trees, rocks and debris. The site is leveled if necessary and the ground is dug where foundation is to be built.
  • The forms have been built into which the concrete is poured to form the footers for your house's foundation.
  • Foundation – The block for the walls was stocked at the homesite, and the masons laid the block to form the walls of the basement. The foundation is the structure that supports your entire house.
  • Backfill Completed – basement waterproofing has been applied. Gravel has been installed around the outside perimeter of house, and the dirt has been pushed up around the block. The steel package (I-beam and posts) has been ordered. A temporary driveway has been put in. The lumber package to frame the house has been ordered, and a framer has been scheduled to frame the house.
Construction Hazards associated with this stage of construction:
  • Open trenches.
  • Loose and/or piled dirt and rock.

Phase 2 – Framing (4-5 Weeks)

Framing is one of the most exciting phases of the construction process, but it is very important that everything and everybody be properly coordinated.

  • The frame is the skeleton of your home. All exterior and interior walls are in place along with the roof trusses. Windows and fireplaces are placed in the frame. The stairs have been set, and the shingles have been scheduled for installation.
Construction hazards associated with this stage of construction:
  • Temporary wall bracings are a bumping and tripping hazard.
  • Exposed nails in lumber are both a puncture and cutting hazard.
  • Stacked or unbanned lumber can be a fall or crushed under hazard.

Phase 3 – Mechanicals Rough (2-3 Weeks)

This is the phase where all of the internal construction begins. During this phase, air-conditioning, heating, ventilation, plumbing and electrical wiring are introduced to the structure

  • Rough Plumbing Complete – Underground drains have been installed for sewage and water. The installation of water supply lines on the first and second floors is completed.
  • Rough HVAC Completed – The heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) duct work and air returns are in, as is the thermostat wire. The furnace has been ordered.
  • Rough Electric Completed – Electrical wire has been run, and the installation of the outlets, switch boxes and breaker box has been completed. The installation of the phone wire, cable, and security lines (if you selected a security system option) has been ordered. During this stage you will have seen the installation of any options you ordered that go in the walls, i.e., a central vacuum system, extra computer cabling, extra phone lines, speakers, or any number of options that require work behind the drywall.
Construction hazards associated with this stage of construction:
  • Lots of loose and hanging material for all the different trades that ware working in your home at this time. Required PPE (Personal Protection Equipment) during this stage includes eye protection, hearing protection, and head protection.
  • Tripping hazards exist from all of the excess material that may not be removed yet.
  • Puncture hazards may exist from boards with exposed nails or rough wiring not yet secured.

Phase 4 – Close-In (3-4 Weeks)

The finish is the skin of your home, including drywall, stucco, roofing, siding, and all major exterior and interior surfaces. All of these finishing touches really help your house start to look like a home. These steps are heavily controlled by the weather, and can be performed at other times during the construction of your home. Exterior finishes will often carry into Phase 5.

Phase 5 – Finishes (4-6 Weeks)

Countertops and cabinets are installed. The house is painted and stained. Tile/linoleum is laid in the kitchen and bath, and any additional plumbing and electrical projects come to completion.

  • Interior painting applied
  • All cabinets installed
  • All countertops installed
  • Mirrors and shower enclosures installed
  • Wall trim – Once the cabinets are in, the interior doors are installed and the molding around the doors, windows and baseboards goes in.
  • Paint – Once the molding is on, it is time to paint the interior of the house.
  • Carpeting – Once the paint is done, carpet goes down.
Construction hazards associated with this stage of construction:
  • Loose trim material on the floor (slip and trip hazards).
  • Sawdust in the air from all of the enclosed carpentry work.
  • Safety rails are removed from stair casings, fall hazards exist.

Phase 6 – Finals (1-2 Weeks)

Any minor adjustments take place now, like window screens, drywall and paint touchups.

  • Preliminary Walk-Thru with your Project Manager
  • Final Building Code Inspections
  • Final Orientation
  • Obtain Occupancy Permit
  • Final Payment

Move In – Permitted once all above steps have been completed.

Visiting the Site During Construction

It's exciting to see a new home take shape. We understand that our customers generally like to visit the site and we don't discourage them from doing so. However, since the workers on site may not understand the full scope of the project, it is important that you direct questions and concerns to your Project Manager. Your Project Manager is responsible for your project; therefore, he or she needs to direct the on-site personnel. You will be provided with all the necessary phone numbers to stay in touch with us throughout the process.

Safety Considerations

  • Keep older children within view and younger children within reach, or make arrangements to leave them elsewhere when visiting the site.
  • Do not walk backward, not even one step. Look in the direction your are moving at all times.
  • Watch for boards, cords, tools, nails, or construction materials that might cause tripping, puncture wounds, or other injury.
  • Do not enter any level of the house that is not equipped with stairs and rails.
  • Give large, noisy grading equipment or delivery vehicles plenty of room. Assume that the driver can neither see nor hear you.
  • Do not walk under workers (i.e. roofers); tools or materials will sometimes be accidentally dropped.